Monday, August 24, 2020

Ethical Consumption of Cell Phones Essay Example for Free

Moral Consumption of Cell Phones Essay 1. Presentation In only 30 years, portable communication has developed into a significant worldwide industry, with an expected 5 billion clients around the globe, contrasted and an absolute total populace of around 7 billion individuals. While new supporter development has eased back to some degree as of late, item turnover stays high, with more than 1 billion new cell phones sent in 2009 alone. This paper right off the bat looks at the existence pattern of a wireless, depicting its phases from the extraction of the materials to its removal or re-use prospects. It additionally talked about the moral issues that sway the earth and society. In conclusion, two PDA produces (Apple and Nokia) are being looked at as far as how they manage ecological effects. 2. LIFE CYCLE OF A CELL PHONE Stage One: Extraction of Materials Mobile telephones for the most part include around 40% metals and 40% plastics, with the rest of up of glass, earthenware and different random materials. The pieces of a wireless incorporate the circuit board, the fluid gem show (LCD) and the battery-powered battery. The circuit board, which controls the entirety of the telephones capacities, comprises of copper, gold, silver, lead, nickel, tin, coltan, and zinc. The LCD, which is a level board show where all the data and pictures show up, is made of glass or plastic. Batteries power the phone and, contingent upon the kind of battery, may contain nickel, cobalt, zinc, cadmium and copper. A significant number of these materials are alleged constant toxins† that stay in nature for an extensive stretch of time, considerably after removal. Besides, a significant life cycle thought is the vitality required to remove metals from their particular minerals. From a vitality point of view, valuable meta ls gold and silver and surpass the effect of copper. What's more, the vitality substance of glass additionally has a noteworthy vitality impression, because of the high soften temperatures that are required during assembling. Stage Two: Materials Processing Raw materials that go into making PDAs should initially be handled before makers can utilize them. For instance, to make the plastic packaging, raw petroleum should be joined with gaseous petrol and synthetic compounds. The copper used to make the circuit board and batteries must be mined starting from the earliest stage, and rewarded with synthetic concoctions and power before it very well may be shaped into wires and sheets. Stage Three: Manufacturing The individual pieces of a wireless each experience an assembling procedure. The circuit board is molded utilizing plastics and fiberglass and afterward covered with gold plating. The circuits and wires of the circuit board are patched, stuck and covered. The LCD is made with fluid precious stones layered between glass or plastic. These layers incorporate two enraptured boards, with a fluid precious stone arrangement between them. Light is anticipated through the layer of fluid gems and is colorized, which creates the noticeable picture. Batteries have two terminals (both produced using an alternate metal) and every cathode is moved by a fluid material called electrolytes. At the point when an outlet or another outside electrical source is applied, a compound response between the cathodes and the electrolytes makes an electric flow stream and powers the battery. Stage Four: Packaging and Transportation The transportation procedure and bundling of PDAs is viewed as hurtful to the earth. Moving mobile phones for dispersion requires the utilization of petroleum derivatives for vitality, which can add to worldwide environmental change. While bundling shields items from harm, recognizes substance, and gives data, over the top or brightening bundling adds to the waste that we produce. Bundling expends important characteristic assets, for example, paper (from trees), plastic (from raw petroleum in the earth), aluminum (from mineral), or different materials, all of which use vitality to deliver and can bring about waste. Some bundling, be that as it may, can be produced using reused materials. Stage Five: Useful Life You can expand the utilization of your wireless by accepting great consideration of it as in shielding it from harm by putting away it for a situation, abstaining from dropping it, and keeping it out of outrageous warmth and cold and away from water and different fluids. Nonetheless, the materials that are utilized to make PDAs can possibly harm the earth and mischief individuals. Thusly, it is essential to reuse, reuse or appropriately arrange mobile phones. Reuse: Many associations, including recyclers, noble cause, and hardware producers, acknowledge working mobile phones and offer them to schools, network associations, and people out of luck. Reuse gives individuals, who couldn't in any case bear the cost of them, free or diminished cost access to new telephones and this likewise broadens the valuable lifetime of a telephone. Reuse: Nowadays, numerous stores, producers, and reusing focuses acknowledge mobile phones for reusing. Some PDAs can be fixed and sold as repaired telephones, or parts can be utilized to fix telephones. Some battery-powered batteries can likewise be reused, as along these lines the recouped materials can be utilized to make new batteries and tempered steel items. Removal: However, about 40% of PDAs cannot be sold as restored PDAs. These phones are destroyed just as purified at a copper purifier. Numerous metals really return to their common state. This procedure renews some normal assets and it is called over the ground mining. All things considered, numerous mobile phones are essentially tossed in the rubbish and end up in landfills (covered in the ground) or incinerators (consumed). Since phones contain metals, plastics, synthetic concoctions, and other possibly perilous substances, they ought to consistently be reused or appropriately arranged. Telephones that are discarded squander vitality and result in the loss of significant assets. This figure shows the phone reusing rate from 2007 to 2010 in the United Stated. Despite the fact that deals were the most elevated in 2010, the reusing rate didn't compare to the deals. 3. Moral ISSUES 1. Vitality Conservation The amount of cell phone utilization expands any natural effect of this item. Life-cycle examination directed by the European Commission shows that vitality utilization is the best effect, both during production of parts and during their use. Nokia evaluated that if 10% of overall supporters would unplug their chargers once their telephone is completely energized, the vitality spared could to gracefully 60,000 European homes for one year. Issues like wastage of vitality due to cheating as well as mobiles left unplugged significantly subsequent to being completely energized should be tended to additional. 2. Misuse Illegal Trading The material utilized in the assembling of the cell phones is coltan, a warmth safe material found in the Republic of Congo. In the Coltan, mines there are youngsters that need to work as opposed to going to class and numerous respectable organizations purchase this mineral. Organizations need to fall back on material gave by dubious conditions. What is Coltan? Coltan, short for columbite-tantalite is a metallic metal involving niobium and tantalum. The niobium-predominant mineral in coltan is columbite, and the tantalum-prevailing mineral is tantalite. Niobium, whose driving maker in Brazil, is generally found in the mineral pyrochlore while tantalum is separated from the metal, tantalite and is made by refining and tin mining in certain spots. Tantalum mineral is for the most part mined in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Democratic Republic of Congo, China, Ethiopia, Mozambique and other focal African nations. Coltan is significant for assembling mobile phones since it is in the capacitors that control current stream in the PDAs circuit board. At the point when refined, coltan turns into a warmth safe powder, metallic tantalum which has novel properties for putting away electrical charge. Mining Coltan In the Coltan is mined by turn in the Congo by gatherings of men diving bowls in streams by rejecting off the surface mud. They at that point slosh the water around the hole, which makes the Coltan metal settle at the base of the cavity where it is recovered by the diggers. A group can mine one kilo of Coltan for each day. The greater part of these diggers are youngsters which are exposed to outrageous conditions. Consequently, mindfulness must be brought to these horrible working conditions by which these kid laborers are influenced. Coltan financing war An ongoing report by the UN hosts asserted that all the gatherings engaged with the neighborhood common war have been associated with the mining and offer of Coltan. One report proposed that the neighboring Rwandan armed force made US$250 million from selling Coltan in under year and a half, regardless of there being no Coltan in Rwanda to mine. The military powers of Uganda and Burundi are additionally embroiled in sneaking Coltan out of Congo for resale in Belgium. A report to the United Nations Security Council has required a ban on buy and import of assets from the Democratic Republic of Congo, because of the continuous common war that has hauled in the encompassing nations. 3. Toxics Waste removal Environmental Impact Persevering Bio aggregate poisons Persistent Bio collective poisons (PBTs) PBTs are especially perilous in light of the fact that they don't debase over significant stretches of time, and can without much of a stretch spread and move between air, water, and soil, bringing about the amassing of poisons a long way from the first point wellspring of contamination. Since PBTs amass in greasy issue of people and creatures, the poisons are step by step focused and are of incredible hazard. Mobile phone batteries Battery-powered batteries are quickly changing as mechanical advances improve new force sources. Effectively 60% of battery-powered Batteries sold overall are utilized in mobile phones. In any case, battery-powered right now have poisonous constituents, for example, cadmium, just as brominated fire retardants. The complete ecological effect from wireless batteries relies upon a batteries material piece just as on the time mobile phones are utilized bef

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Theory of knowledge Free Essays

What are the strategies for the history specialists and how would they contrast and different procedures: Above all else, we need to realize what is the meaning of history: It is a part of information managing past occasions, political, social, financial, of a nation, landmass, or the world. It is a methodical depiction of past occasions. It is likewise a train of occasions associated with someone or something. We will compose a custom article test on Hypothesis of information or then again any comparative theme just for you Request Now Furthermore I will characterize what is a strategy. It is 1) a framework, precision, 2) it is a method of accomplishing something 3) getting things done with 4) it is a science or investigation of something. The contrasts between the realities of the past and authentic realities: We as a whole know, or think we know, what a reality is: a solid snippet of data, something we know to be, in the presence of mind importance of the word â€Å"true†. We additionally know, or think we know, what an authentic certainty is. Give models. These are realities, distinct bits of authentic information, close maybe to the characteristic logical information the nineteenth century students of history needed to use as their model of information. However, these realities are just the beginning of history, just the establishment on which history is constructed. History isn't the realities of the past alone yet the handling of these realities into a sound, significant translation of the past with which these realities are concerned. â€Å"History is the translation of these realities, the handling of them into a story with causes and effects.† These realities, these snippets of data about the past are essential to students of history. Antiquarians must be sure of their exactness, must believe in their trustworthiness before they can unquestionably decipher them for their counterparts. Students of history gather their realities from at whatever point they can. Certain verifiable realities, for the most part those acquired from documents, might be gathered straightforwardly by students of history themselves. Students of history can visit open records workplaces or holy places and look at chronicled reports legitimately. Epigraphy is a fascinating case of such a control. It is the investigation of old engravings: letters and words and images, etched, shaped or emblazoned on stones. E.g.: the Rosetta stone: it is a recorded stone found close Rosetta in northern Egypt in 1799. History is a choice: Antiquarians leave a mark on the world by choosing realities and preparing them and the handling makes history. History has been portrayed as a tremendous dance saw with heaps of bits missing. Students of history attempt to make the missing pieces. They can just do this by choosing from all the data accessible to them. What proof we have for this comes, obviously, from the individuals in the medieval times who expounded on their own lives and times. Furthermore, the individuals who expounded on their own lives and times in the medieval times in Europe were priests and ministers. Inventive comprehension is a significant piece of a historian’s expertise, yet creative comprehension fluctuates from history specialist to antiquarian. They need to inventively comprehend the brains of the more established individuals. The main way they can do this is by utilizing their own points of view. Antiquarians perceive that to depict history is outlandish. They can't generally make certain of the intentions of the essayists of the chronicle records. â€Å"The past must be seen through the eyes of the present†. History specialist should introduce their records of the past. Ranke and his kindred nineteenth century students of history accepted that in addition to the fact that it was conceivable to introduce the past â€Å"How it truly was† yet they likewise accepted they were doing precisely that when they composed their history books. The historian’s work was to gather together a demonstrated assortment of realities and present them to the perusers. Is history an extraordinary subject matter? We have seen that normal sciences, arithmetic and rationale, and the sociologies have particular subject matters. Could a comparable case be made for history? Indeed obviously it very well may be made!!!!. One method of responding to this inquiry is to take a gander at crafted by history specialists. As we do this, we ought to ask ourselves the inquiry † What do students of history do that researchers, mathematicians and social researchers don't do?†!!!!!. Four distinct stages exists: 1) Recording: Some researchers gather records and save proof from an earlier time. In the event that we adhere to our meaning of antiquarians as mediators of realities these researchers are not history specialists in our feeling of the word. They are filers and custodians, authorities and preservers. E.G: Nothing is moved until photos are taken, estimations made and careful records gathered of everything that is there and precisely where it is. That is crafted by the verifiable analysts who record and protect proof from an earlier time. Each article is recorded and, quite far recognized. The recorded information these Historians have is the same as the information on characteristic science: it is observational and obviously objective. Give case of the titanic. 2) Assessment: These history specialists asses the proof they have, contrast it with other comparable confirmations that may be accessible and reached the resolution that Holden’s room are for sure a novel recorded occasion. 3) Reconstructing the past: Having evaluated the proof and acknowledged its significance, students of history currently need to utilize it, to induce from it and to remake the past. They use confirmations. History specialists additionally are keen on remaking past the self-evident. They endeavor to recreate the estimations of an affluent youth 100 years back. 4) Interpreting: Historians ask themselves inquiries. They may contrast the ancient rarities and different atifacts for instance†¦ Historians’ methods of knowing are unmistakable. They record, survey, reproduce and decipher such that others researchers don't. History specialists constantly reevaluate the occasions of the past and reappraise them for each new age. Authentic sources: Essential and optional sources: The issue with the past is that it has passed. It has gone. The possibility ever past, and present, running equal is interesting yet until we have the innovation to investigate different occasions as a general rule, we need to investigate the past through what the past has left us, through the huge number of ancient rarities getting by from times past. History specialists use what they term PRIMARY SOURCES as their principle access to the past. Optional sources are likewise accessible: these are wellsprings of data gave by different history specialists. Essential sources are the bedrock of history. They incorporate each possible kind of reports: maps, bargains, places of worship and sanctuary records, royal chronicle archives, letters, legitimate records, journals, papers, indexes and even transport tickets. They can be formal or casual, private or open, genuine or negligible. Essential sources likewise incorporate ancient rarities. In contrast to science, say, history is regularly condemned for filling no need. We can't gain from history, it is contended, either in light of the fact that exactly indistinguishable conditions from in the past can't emerge again in future, or in such a case that adequately comparable conditions arose, we would not have the option to act in an unexpected way. In the regular sciences we have the two explanations of quick perceptions, detailing for example the result of an examination, and general laws from which we can determine expectations. These two sorts of proclamations are legitimized in very various manners: observational articulations by discernment. The proof, not really composed, which verifiable research depends on are the ‘sources’. Sources need not be things that return to the time in history which is being contemplated, yet can be writings composed from that point forward about that time: the previous are called essential, and the last optional sources. There are two principle addresses that must be asked with respect to essential sources. The first of these worries their credibility, or validity. Assume that we have, for example, a work of art of a specific recorded occasion; at that point the painter may have added or discarded certain subtleties to satisfy his client, or to make it a superior artwork, he might not have been there himself and have utilized inadequate records, the artistic creation could even be a later phony, etc. The other inquiry concerns their fulfillment. We should remember that the material accessible to us has just been deliberately chosen, in an assortment of ways: we will in general find out about the high societies of the social orders we study, since it is to a great extent their doings that were recorded, while we find numerous vestiges in certain pieces of the world, little survives from the wooden structures that were progressively normal somewhere else, etc. On one side there are the individuals who hold that chronicled clarification must resemble the logical clarification of an occasion: to comprehend an authentic occasion, we should have a general, or ‘covering’ law, so that from this law and a portrayal of the recorded circumstance we can reason that the occasion would occur. For even where history is equipped for being objective, there are issues with the ‘evidence’ it depends on, as we have seen: the sources accessible may not be bona fide, and they will unquestionably be inadequate. What's more, to the degree that history is (essentially) emotional, for example a matter of the situation from which it is composed, authentic records or clarifications are at risk to the issue of predisposition, for example favoritism, partisanship or even bias. The student of history can't be objective about the period, which is his subject. In this he varies (to further his scholarly potential benefit) from its most common ideologists, who accepted that the advancement of innovation, ‘positive science’ and society made it conceivable to see their present with the unanswerable unbiasedness of the characteristic researcher, whose techniques they trusted themselves (erroneously) to comprehend. For a significant part of the time that history has been composed, crafted by the student of history was not t

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Children of Alcoholics Have Difficulty Having Fun

Children of Alcoholics Have Difficulty Having Fun Addiction Alcohol Use Children of Alcoholics Print Children of Alcoholics Have Difficulty Having Fun Real Stories From Children of Alcoholics By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on July 11, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 17, 2018 Children of Alcoholics Face Many Challenges. © Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Children of Alcoholics Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery One of the characteristics that many children who had an alcoholic parent report is difficulty having fun. Because they carry around so much anger, or because they have had so many events and holidays sabotaged by the alcoholic parent, they dont even expect to have fun. Many children who grow up in an alcoholic home seem to have many common characteristics, and one of them is not being able to let loose and just have fun. Visitors to the Alcoholism site who answered the question, How Do You Feel Growing Up With an Alcoholic Parent Has Changed You? describe what its like: Never Able to Let LooseIve always felt different from other people, never able to let loose and have fun at social events, and always feeling alone. Everything is a competition to me; I feel like I always need to be the best, or Im a failure. I struggle with my identity and I still dont have an answer to that who am I question. Im trying my best to make sense of everything Ive discovered about myself, but its been trying and very painful. -- J.B. Happiness Feels FakeMy happiness when present feels fake because I know it will always be overshadowed by some horrible incident. There are times when I feel as though I do not want to live because the pain is too great. How sad. -- Love The Anger Is Still ThereAs a teenager, I felt alone and angry and always took this out on people closest to me. I would say to myself, I will be happier when this happens, when I get this job or move out. But over the years I have realized the anger and sadness are still there. -- Hailey I Cannot Go Have FunI grew up never feeling like I was normal, never feeling like I was good enough. Now I have such low self-esteem its crippling. I can not go out and have fun like normal adults. -- Taylor Stunted My EmotionsI think growing up with an alcoholic step-father has stunted my emotions, seems I get saddened easily, but the happy emotions are very low. Things people are normally jumping up and down about dont give me the same amount of excitement. Dont get me wrong, I still feel happiness, but not to the extent most people do. -- Biggie Affected by Parental Alcoholism If you grew up in a home where there was a lot of drinking, you may want to take this quiz to determine to what extent you may have been affected by the experience. If your life has been affected, you might want to seek help through professional counseling or find support in either Al-Anon Family Groups or the support group Adult Children of Alcoholics. If you have a drinking problem and you have children in the home, they are being affected by your drinking and your behavior psychologically and emotionally more than you may realize. You may want to try to find help to quit or cut back on the amount of alcohol that you consume. How Growing up Around Drinking Can Impact Kids Into Adulthood

Friday, May 22, 2020

Life Worth Living By William James - 994 Words

Term Paper There are many philosophers who have views supporting or like William James’. However, there are other concepts holding positions that are in opposition to what James has to say. In this paper, I will answer James’ question in his essay, Is Life Worth Living, by arguing affirmatively that life is worth living. Premises The main argument that William James provides in his essay is that life is worth living. The main supports for this argument are religion, belief, and faith. Another defense James offers is optimism, although he knows this cannot be true for everyone. According to James, optimism is the way of approaching his question. He states that there would be no need to ask questions such as this one if optimism were true†¦show more content†¦The first principle is that when people make decisions they are to be ethical and to consider both the consequences and the intentions of our actions. With Kant, the take away is that individuals are to be concerned with the right intentions as well as the right principles. Kant also describes that â€Å"Everything in nature works according to laws† (Twenty Questions, page 595). The Utilitarian Argument poses that there are for steps: â€Å"recognize the problem, consider options and consequences, and select the outcome† (TJ Consequ ences Outline, 2017). In Kant’s Utilitarian View individuals are to add up the good and bad consequences and subtract the bad consequences from the good consequences. This will then lead to an overall choice. After reading the article â€Å"Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals,† I find that Immanuel Kant suggests that people should be treated as â€Å"ends† rather than â€Å"means.† People deserve respect and everyone has value therefore life is worth living. Kant’s prospective is widely based on practical reason rather than the focus of feelings. From what I understand from Kant, life is worth living but it is widely based on the aspect that everything is based on a fundamental law. Objections Some individuals believe that there is more meaning and promise in their death than the life that they are currently living on earth. Many religions, Christianity included, believe in eternal life. No one except for Christ (i.e. God) knowsShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of William James829 Words   |  4 Pages William James was an American philosopher and psychologist who specialized in Pragmatism and philosophy related to such. He led a philosophical revolution in the USA and would make the philosophy known as  ¨Pragmatism very well known. In his book  ¨The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, William explains different philosophical beliefs while also challenging them and supporting the right to believe in a religion or even life itself. William James style of writing is moreRead MoreMovie Analysis : Hurt Locker 1231 Words   |  5 Pagesis a drug.† This quote comes from the book ‘War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning,’ by Chris Hedges, a r eporter for The New York Times. I believe this message is the main theme of this movie as depict through the character Sergeant First Class William James played by Jeremy Renner. The focus of this film established its ability to emulate the truth about the chaos and catastrophic events of not only war but also the addition to war. The dirty truth of this statement echoes throughout the movie. MostRead MoreThe Hurt Locker By Film Maker Kathryn Bigelow1273 Words   |  6 Pagesof battle is often a potent and lethal addiction, for war is a drug.† (Hedges) The film s greatest achievement is its ability to communicate the underlying truth of this quote consistently throughout the movie. Sergeant First Class William James, played by James Renner, captures this message through his job description, dialogue, and demeanor, which is presented his obstinate/erratic behaviors. The creative selective style of slow motion effects, instability of camera movement, and the intenseRead MoreMovie Analysis : The Hurt Locker 1344 Words   |  6 Pagesrush of battle is often a potent and lethal addiction, for war is a drug.† (Hedges)The film s greatest achievement is its ability to communicate the underlying truth of this quote consistently throughout the movie. Sergeant First Class William James, played by James Renner, captures this message through his job description, dialogue, and demeanor, as well as his obstinate/erratic behaviors. The creative selective style of slow motion effects, instability of camera movement, and the intense sound/visualRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book A Hitchhikers Guide On The Galaxy 1463 Words   |  6 PagesThe meaning of life is a question that people have been asking for decades. Some believe that the meaning of life comes from a variety of reasons, such as religion, hope, or simply just living life. In the book, A Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy , this famous question is posed, and many wait for thousands of years in order to find the answer, which turned out to be â€Å"42†. For some, this may be a disappointing answer but for others it may be relieving. People have been struggling with this questionRead MoreWilliam Clifford s Ethics Of Belief Essay1451 Words   |  6 PagesBorn in 1845, William Clifford was a mathematician and philosopher famed for his philosophy of science and quest for answering ethical questions through scientific evidence (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014). 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It seems that even this brilliant mind, who has been considered the father ofRead MoreThe Effects Of Fracking On The United States1650 Words   |  7 PagesLife: Twenty Years Later In 2026, life in Dimock, Pennsylvania was a lot different than how it was twenty years ago. This is evident by all the new advances in technology within the two decades. However, what changed the town the most was the hydraulic fracturing boom back in the mid-2000s. The town has experienced many ups and downs because of all the gas companies coming in to extract the natural gas from the Marcellus Shale, that lies underneath the land. Dimock had received a lot of attentionRead MorePsychology, Religion, And Religion1397 Words   |  6 Pages as Camus proposes, the meaning of life is the only thing stopping you from committing suicide right now, then religion serves a psychologically useful role in providing meaning and relieving anxiety. This view is reflected by William James in his Varieties of Religious Experiences. James is largely pragmatic in his attitude towards religious experiences. Whereas Freud considered religious experience merely an illusion and not independently verifiable, James considers religious experience realRead MoreFigurative Language in Do No Go Gentle into That Good Night by Dylan Tomas772 Words   |  3 PagesWilliam James, an American philosopher and psychologist once said â€Å"believe that life is worth living and your belief will help create the fact.† Life, regardless of how close it lies to death, is worth keeping. The poem â€Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night†, by Dylan Thomas is a son’s appeal to a fading father. He shows his father that men from all walks of life confront death, however, they still war against it. Thomas uses figurative language to classify men into four different categories to

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Becoming A World Class Engineering Student Essay - 1118 Words

Introduction A world-class engineering student, also known as a â€Å"master of learning,† is distinguished by the ability to take command of their learning process, engagement in the learning, with constant drive and discipline while always keeping a goal set for the future. The life of an engineer is inherently mentally arduous due to the sheer amount of knowledge that must be learned from generations of knowledge building in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math. The life of an engineer can be one of the most rewarding as a pupil gains knowledge from the work of people like Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, etc., changing the world in their own way. This process of learning can become bearable, manageable, and can to become effortless by taking the time to first learn how to become a world-class engineering student. To become a world-class engineer takes large sums of time and consistency. To become a world-class engineering student, I must pinpoint where I am in the aspects of setting goals, personal development, academic development, and career development, where a world class type of engineering student would be in each of those areas, and what I must accomplish to turn into a world-class engineering student. Goal-Setting Goals are an essential part of life that allows an individual to be in real action mode. The act of goal setting is the first step in the pursuit of becoming a world-class engineer. Goal setting is crucial to anyShow MoreRelatedBecoming A World Class Engineering Student1791 Words   |  8 PagesMany students come into an engineering program without a strong commitment to stay in an engineering course and to progress with an engineering degree. For students to achieve the puzzling goal of graduating in engineering requires a strong obligation, and behaviors and attitudes to follow through that obligation. To brace the commitment of the freshman engineering students an innovative project has been developed. The project dares students to develop their process to become a World-Class EngineeringRead MoreBecoming a World-Class Engineering Student Essay3196 Words   |  13 PagesA world-class engineering student, also known as an â€Å"expert learner,† is characterize d by taking charge of their learning process, being active in their approach to learning, being motivated and disciplined as well as setting specific goals for themself. Becoming a world-class engineering student is a process that takes time and diligence. In order to become a world-class engineering student, I will have to identify where I stand currently in terms of goal setting, community building, academicRead MoreWhy I Am An Engineer1576 Words   |  7 PagesEngineering is a field of boundless possibilities that makes everything that we do possible. Ranging from bridges field with civil engineering and medical field with biomechanical engineering to the oil industry with petroleum engineering, engineering is a vast field of opportunities. The buildings we work at, the cars we drive, the technology we use have all been made possible by the work of engineers. That is the main reason why I desire to be an engineer. I want to work in a field that I willRead MoreStatement of Purpose for an Education in Mechanical Engineering1247 Words   |  5 Pagesto design my process to become a World Class Engineering student. This will help me become a better engineering student and In this report I will discuss my goals and plans to become a better engineering student. My goal is to earn a bachelors degree in Mechanical Engineering and then find a career as a mechanical engineer. In order to achieve my goals I will have to have a plan and then work hard to stay on track in order to be successful engineering student. I will also have to continuouslyRead MoreThe Physics Of Mechanical Engineering924 Words   |  4 Pagesthey were before. How do planes fly in the sky? How do cars accelerate? I chose the major mechanical engineering to answer all these previous scientific questions. The definition of mechanical engineering is the system that applies the principles of engineering, physics, and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical system. It is a branch of engineering concerned primarily with the industrial application of mechanics and with the production of toolsRead MoreMy Career As A School Teacher1586 Words   |  7 Pagesback in my country of birth, Nepal. Then, became college lecture before moving to the UK in 2005. Since 2005, I have been involved in the higher education (HE) practice in the UK in different capabilities, first as a postgraduate student, followed by a research student (PhD), then a post-doctorate researcher and finally a lecturer. I am now involved in delivering a number of undergraduates and postgraduate modules as well as module leader for a postgraduate module on digital image and signal processingRead MoreEssay about Civil Engineering930 Words   |  4 PagesCivil Engineering The need for Civil Engineers is rapidly growing from day to day. Civil Engineers are vital to the advancement of society. Civil Engineering is the combination of common knowledge and practical planning to the layout of the cities, towns, and communities being developed today. Civil Engineers are involved in the designing and building of the new structures surrounding us, as well as keeping them maintained. Also, Civil Engineers are responsible for finding efficient methodsRead MoreTeaching Methods Can Affect Young Children s Initiative961 Words   |  4 PagesWaikato With a bachelor’s degree in Engineering and three years’ work experience in one of the top corporations in China, China Southern Power Grid, I have developed my knowledge and skills in engineering, mathematics, rational thinking and cooperation. Even though I am gaining ground on my engineer career path, my aspiration to teach young children is becoming increasingly stronger. Having seen many children’s unwillingness to study, I am acutely aware of how teaching methods can affect youngRead MorePursuing A Master s Project Management853 Words   |  4 PagesOver the past four years in my career, I have been a member of a rotational technical development program in which I have been offered accelerated learning experiences in manufacturing, including tactical engineering, project management and supervision. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nelson Mandela Essay Free Essays

The world leader I have chosen to write about is Nelson Mandela:  Nelson Mandela’s rise in the political arena can be traced back to his years as one of the leading members of the African National Congress, otherwise known as the ANC, beginning in 1944 (Mandela, 2009). The ANC was one of the oldest South African civil rights unions. The union’s primary purpose, the freedom and equal rights of all black citizens from the practice of apartheid–South Africa’s then legalized form of racism–was a natural draw for Mandela. We will write a custom essay sample on Nelson Mandela Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mr. Mandela describes in his own words the deciding moment when he joined the ANC: I had no epiphany, no singular revelation, no moment of truth, but a steady accumulation of a thousand slights, a thousand indignities, a thousand unremembered moments, [that] produced in me an anger, a rebelliousness, a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people (Mandela, 2009). Mandela’s desire and drive helped sustain him in the difficult years ahead. After joining the ANC and creating its first youth league (Mandela, 2009). Mandela went on to organize many nonviolent protests and civil disobedience demonstrations throughout much of the country. Growing in popularity, these campaigns were eventually deemed illegal by the National Party–the white supremacist government in power at the time–and ultimately led to the imprisonment of Mandela in 1962 (Mandela, 2009). Although many people advocated for his release throughout the years, it was from his own prison cell twenty years later when Nelson Mandela finally negotiated his own freedom and began the long, tedious, yet peaceful process of creating a new government for the South African people. Working together with South Africa’s new president, F.W. de Klerk, Mandela negotiated heroically in the creation of a new and non-discriminatory government. The two men made history on September 26, 1992 when they signed the Record of Understanding, a document formalizing their agreement to create a new, non-racial, democratic government freely elected by the people (Mandela, 2009). Nelson Mandela went on to become the first freely elected President of South Africa and continued the hard work of rebuilding his country. He served his presidency for five years, stepping down from politics in 1999. Although removed from public office, Mandela continued to  advocate for issues important to his country; issues such as AIDS, poverty, and human rights. Again, Nelson Mandela worked tirelessly on behalf of his people, receiving numerous rewards throughout the years, until he formally retired from public life in 2004 (Mandela, 2009). As a result of his life’s work, Nelson Mandela forever changed the social view and practice of apartheid in his country. Politically, his efforts resulted in the first non-discriminatory, democratic (majority rule) government for South Africa. Therefore, I find these to be the two most significant social and political changes that occurred as a result of Nelson Mandela. Task B.The individual I have chosen to write about is Martin Luther King, Jr.:  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was known as a religious reformer and civil rights activist who rose to greatness during the civil rights movements of the United States. Dr. King began his career as a civil rights activist in 1956 (About Dr. King, n.d.) when he was hired as a spokesman for the Montgomery Bus Boycott; a campaign organized and fully supported by the black community of Montgomery in protest of the segregation of the city bus lines. This boycott, which lasted for 381 days, ended successfully with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling declaring racial segregation in public transportation unconstitutional (About Dr. King, n.d.). This landmark protest would prove to be but one of the many successful campaigns Dr. King would lead throughout his lifetime. In 1958, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) elected Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as their president (About Dr. King, n.d.). The SCLC’s mission of providing guidance to the growing civil rights movement (occurring throughout much of the south) served as the perfect platform for Dr. King’s message. From here, Dr. King would go on to organize many campaigns, most of them occurring in Birmingham, Alabama, then described â€Å"as the most segregated city in America† (About Dr. King, n.d.). Drawing from the nonviolent teachings of Mohandas Gandhi, Dr. King’s peaceful protests and civil disobedience demonstrations were televised in stark contrast to the brutality of Birmingham’s police force. The televised beatings of young black protesters proved too much for the nation to bear, prompting congress  to begin legislation on behalf of the civil rights movement in 1962 (About Dr. King, n.d.). Although the Birmingham demonstrations led to the writing of his open and now famous â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail;† an articulate, well written manifesto of Dr. King’s beliefs and actions (About Dr. King, n.d.), time would show that Martin Luther King, Jr.’s greatest moments were still to come. In 1963 Dr. King gathered more than a quarter-million people to Washington D.C.’s National Mall for the â€Å"March for Jobs and Freedom,† now commonly referred to as the â€Å"March on Washington† (About Dr. King, n.d.) It was here that Dr. King delivered his legendary â€Å"I Have a Dream† speech, firmly placing himself on the world stage as a social and political leader, as well as becoming the youngest man–30 years of age– to receive the Nobel Peace. As a result of all the publicity Dr. King drew to the civil rights movement, congress soon passed the historical 1964 Civil Rights Act, and soon after the 1965 Voting Rights Act (About Dr. King, n.d.); sweeping legislation declaring it illegal to discriminate against blacks or any other minority people, and removing any obstacles obscuring blacks of their right to vote. After the passage of the Civil Rights Act, Dr. King carried on with his work, choosing to focus on economic justice and international peace. Tragically, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated while visiting a motel in Memphis on April 4, 1968 (About Dr. King, n.d.). Through his work, Dr. King introduced our country to the practice of â€Å"nonviolent† demonstrations, socially changing the way many people participate in protests even today. Due in part to his nonviolent campaigns, Dr. King’s efforts resulted in the passing of the Civil Rights Acts, one of the most significant political changes occurring in the history of our country. Therefore, I find these to be the two most significant social and political changes resulting from the actions of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. How to cite Nelson Mandela Essay, Essays

Monday, April 27, 2020

What is the status of ethics in management This i Essay Example For Students

What is the status of ethics in management? This i Essay s a very hard question to address in a two to three page paper because there is no definite answer. As with many society-wide concerns, ethics runs the entire spectrum of behaviors; from Wal-Mart being very customer oriented and a friend of charity to those fly-by-night repair scams that tend to prey on the elderly. When does a business cross the line from making a profit to stealing a profit? That is a hard line to gauge. Laws are designed to make that line a little clearer but laws cant out think the mind of man. If a way can be thought of to make money it already has been or is being thought of. Its where people are taken advantage of that we need to worry. There are many business in place that simply prey on the people who dont know any better. Whether its the feature on Prime-Time that shows elderly people tricked into phony home repairs or the local business that offered a friend of mine a computer at an inflated price with an outrageous financing plan, some business practices are unethical. What I will focus on today is not the clearly right or the clearly wrong but that vast amount of items that are in the middle. We will write a custom essay on What is the status of ethics in management? This i specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Looking at more of a gray area, Wal-Mart is generally viewed as an ethically company but even they have a reputation for unfair competition. Wal-Mart has a marketing plan that targets smaller cities with large-volume discount stores. While this may not appear to be unfair on its face, many people have felt its negative effect. When Wal-Mart moves into a market, many of its smaller competitors go out of business. Small business in small towns cant compete with the prices, availability, or selection of a huge conglomerate like Wal-Mart. People in the towns dont have much of a choice. Pay more for less or pay less for more? Not are hard decision. But the ultimate effect is that many small business cant survive the competition. Is that ethically wrong? That is a very hard call to make. I recently had an experience of buying a new car. I shopped around Altus and also in Florida while on a recent trip. I was in the market to buy a Ford Explorer. The prices seemed to be about the same in these two markets. My wife and I decided to drive to Oklahoma City to look further. When we got there, the first dealership that we saw had over thirty Explorers on the front lot with a recent shipment of more in the back. Compared to the Altus dealership which had two. Immediately, I noticed that the price at that dealership was $1,300 less than the same model with the same package in Altus. Both stickers said the price quoted was the manufacturers suggested retail price. Already over $1,000 to the good, we decided to look further. We found four Explorers that had an additional mark down of $2,000. This was because of an engine style in the process of being phased out that had an additional rebate. Looking at the two different model from Oklahoma City and Altus, we!would save $3,300 by buying here. We decided to look no further. We selected the color and bought our car. Overall, we had a very pleasant experience but what about the people who buy from the Altus dealership and spend over $3,000 more? Are they being unethically taken advantage of? Thats a hard call to make. I teach an equal opportunity class on base and during that class someone inevitably brings up car prices in Altus as being unfair. Are these prices unfair or is it just the law of supply and demand? Two thousand dollars that I saved in Oklahoma City were because that model car wasnt available to the dealership in Altus. That difference can be easily excusable. The other $1,300, I have a harder time with. I took detailed notes and both stickers were basically identical with the exception of price. Each indicated a different manufacturers suggested retail price. Ethically, I think the line has been crossed. There cant be two different manufacturers suggested retail prices for the same car. One ha s to be wrong. I had a good experience buying this car but not ever!yone will. Ive been to the dealerships in the past that have used those high pressure tactics to coerce people into buying or spending more than they can afford. Those are the kind of ethical issues that cant be legislated. .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .postImageUrl , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:hover , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:visited , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:active { border:0!important; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:active , .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768 .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1490c9017443b5f54dc1e95575c9f768:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: England Romantic Poets EssayReading through the ethics cases reminded me of my car buying experience because just like in the cases, there is no clear cut answer. In ethics, one would think that there is right and wrong but in real life cases of ethics in business there is not. There is no black and white answer only millions of shades of gray. Given the case of junk faxes, what is so wrong about sending an unsolicited advertisement to someone. I get them almost every day in my mailbox. It seems like a reasonable response but the differences are great. The junk fax ties up an important communication tool of the company and the costs are split between the sender and the rec ipient without the recipients permission. The cost to the sender is simply the cost of a telephone call. While the cost to the recipient is the cost of paper, ink, and power to receive the call in addition to the loss of use of the machine during reception. I wouldnt want to get junk mail in my mailbox, if I had to pay for it!. I dont like it much even when I dont have to pay for it. But is this practice of junk faxing wrong? I say no. Ethically, I feel that its not wrong if the faxes are reasonable in length and company has a process to quit sending faxes if a recipient requests. I was the recipient of one junk fax. It came into my squadron office here on Altus Air Force Base. It was an advertisement to buy office supplies. Now there is no law, either civil or military, that prohibits this but I realized this isnt something that the Air Force should pay for. I took the fax to the legal office and they drafted a letter to request that it be stopped. They stated that if any more faxe s were received, Altus AFB would no longer do business with this company. This was motivation enough for them not to do it. We never received another fax. With business, that is how the system must work. If the pursuit of the bottom line goes to far, then the bottom line must be threatened. I dont think there is anything ethically wrong with many business practices. Its all a matter of people being satisfied with the product that they are getting. If they are satisfied, the business will flourish. If not, it will suffer. That is probably the best way to measure ethics in management. Overall, I think the status of ethics is management needs some work. There are very good companies out there that charge a fair price to make a reasonable profit but there are many business in place that prey on the weak and poor.